What are the Multiple Birth Control Pills Options?

Thinking about birth control, may be taking birth control pills might be your preferred method. This is probably because birth control pills are an easy method for preventing pregnancies and are said to have very little side-effects. However, how many of us know that there are certain types of birth control pills and that not all pills might be suitable for an individual’s consumption?

Birth control pills have to be consumed each day at the same time to prevent ovulation and conception; and if this is followed correctly, they are said to be a fail-proof method of preventing pregnancies. However, there have been cases where women who missed taking the pills in time and conceived despite taking them. Hence, timing is very important in the case of these pills. These pills are mostly available in 21 or 28-day packs and are basically of two types:

  1. Combination Pills:

This is the most popular type of birth control pills. Combination pills contain a combination of estrogen and progestin hormones and are very effective in preventing pregnancies until consumed in a proper routine. These pills help one have shorter, lighter, less painful and more regular periods and might prove helpful in reducing the severity or frequency of menstrual migraines. These are also considered helpful in treating acne and lower the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and ovarian/uterine cancer. Apart from all this, these pills might help in improving the bone density in women when they use these in the years preceding the menopause.

On the other hand, the women who are past 35 and are smokers should avoid using these pills can lead to the formation of blood clots in the body, which could travel to any part of the body and at times result in fatalities. Since smokers have tar depositions in their lungs, if a clot forms in their body and travels to their lungs, combined with the depositions, these could lead to serious complications for them. Also, these raise the heart attack and stroke risks in women.

These pills are further of two types:

  1. Monophasic Pills: Monophasic or One-Phase Pills contain the same amount of estrogen and progestin in all pills and have to be taken at regular time intervals each day.

  2. Multiphasic Pills: These pills have varying levels of estrogen and progestin hormones in them as per the changing bodily requirements for these during a menstrual cycle. These can be biphasic (two types of pills), triphasic (three types of pills) or even quadraphasic (4 types of pills) and the instructions for consuming them tend to be different depending on the amounts of estrogen and progestin they contain. These are less convenient options for combination pills as these are trickier to consume and also because when taking these, one cannot afford to start taking the next pack late as that might disturb the hormonal balance within the body.

  1. Progestin Pills:

These types of pills are given to those women who are at the risk of blood clot formation or are breastfeeding. These pills, like the combination pills, have to be taken at the same time each day in order to get the results from them. In the case of breastfeeding mothers, these provide an added protection from ovulation and conception as breastfeeding already lowers the fertility of women. Progestin pills can be termed as the lighter version of birth control pills and should not be preferred over combination pills unless it is highly required.

Possible Side Effects of Birth Control Pills:

Though birth control pills are nothing but hormones that prevent ovulation, it is seen that every woman’s body responds differently to them. This is because every individual has a different metabolism due to which the body reacts differently to the new thing that is introduced to it. Some of the reactions that can be seen among the people who consume these pills are:

  1. Spotting between periods

  2. Weight gain

  3. Breast tenderness

  4. Nausea

However, it must be mentioned that most of these side effects tend to fade away when one uses the pills regularly for some time. Hence, if you have been thinking about starting with a birth control pill, meet your healthcare provider toady and ask for the best type of birth control pill that would be most suitable to your body and requirements.