What Leads to Female Sexual Dysfunction?

There are many men and women to be found across the globe who suffer from sexual dysfunction at some time or the other of their lives. While some make efforts to cope up with it, there are multiple others who accept is as a sign of advancing age and divert themselves to other things in life. However, though sexual dysfunction is a part of our lives, it is not something that should be ignored or suppressed for ensuring that we lead a healthy life. Especially in the case of women, sexual dysfunction can lead to various physical and psychological issues and can also be an indicator of many. Hence, it is very important to know about it in detail.

Definition and Symptoms:

If we go about defining sexual dysfunction, we can say that it is a sexual problem that prevents an individual or a couple from seeking satisfaction from sexual activity. This problem can occur at any of the four stages of sexual activity, their names being: excitement, plateau, orgasm and resolution. The best way to deal with such issues in time is to discuss about them with one’s partner and a doctor. There are a few symptoms that can be identifying sexual dysfunction; they are:

  • Not getting into the mood

  • Not feeling the urge to indulge in sexual activity

  • Not feeling excited by arousal

  • Lack of interest in love making even when there are no physical issues

  • Decreased vaginal lubrication

  • Not feeling sensation in the genitals during sexual activity

  • Feeling pain during intercourse

  • Anorgasmia, or not feeling orgasm

After going through these symptoms, it is important to know the various factors that lead to sexual dysfunction and also about the ways in which these can be treated.

Factors Leading to Sexual Dysfunction:

There are quite a few factors that might lead to sexual dysfunction:

  1. Hormonal Imbalance: Hormones play a vital role in determining the sexual functionality of individuals. In women, the hormone estrogen is the one to regulate their sexual drive. When women experience diminishing vaginal lubrication and extensive genital sensation with age, it is mostly because of the decreasing secretion of estrogen in their blood streams. Though there are drugs that help in regulating these secretions, it is crucial that one first meets a doctor and use any of these only after getting a due prescription.

  2. Menopause: Menopause is an important juncture in a woman’s life. Along with the various changes that occur in the body at this stage, many women also experience a decreasing libido during this time. This is mostly due to the loss of estrogen hormone during menopause. A popular cure for this condition is the HRT, or the Hormone Replacement Therapy, with which women tend to find their libido returning along with improvement in their vaginal lubrication and genital sensation, which are mostly experienced at this stage.

  3. Hysterectomy: The surgical process for removing the uterus, also known as hysterectomy, has also been known to effect the libido in women. It is reported that this surgical procedure also leads to decrease in genital sensation and vaginal lubrication, most possibly due to the impact on the hormones due to the removal of the uterus. At the same time, it is possible that the nerves and veins around the area might get damaged during the surgery, leading to a decrease in the sexual desire.

  4. Disease Conditions: Diseases like diabetes, heart or kidney diseases, neurological disorders and liver failure can affect the libido of an individual. This can be due to the effect on the physical well-being and also due to the impact of the medications prescribed for these conditions.

  5. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse: Those women who tend to consume alcohol or are indulging in drug abuse might find their desire for sexual activity decreasing due to the impact of these substances on their bodies and hormones as such.

  6. Anxiety and Stress: Like all other aspects of our lives, stress and anxiety, whether due to work or because of personal life, happen to put a deep impact on an individual’s sexual drive. The fatigue, mental stress and tensions on an individual’s mind refrain one from indulging in sexual activity, which can in fact have serious effects on one’s health and relationships alike!

  7. Depression: When an individual is going through a phase of depression, it is very likely that there is observed a lack in physical desire. Also, at times, the drugs given for recovering from depression can lead one to feeling a loss of sexual drive and functionality.

  8. Past Sexual Trauma: Another important factor that can lead to sexual dysfunction in women is having undergone a sexual trauma in the past. This mostly occurs I cases where there has been a history of violence in relationships or where one has been abused or molested in the past. Such women mostly require time and counselling to build up their faith in relationships once again so as to lead a healthy life in the future.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

The diagnosis of female sexual dysfunction is mostly undertaken by analyzing the various symptoms being experienced by an individual along with physical examination by a doctor. For physical examination, the doctor mostly undertakes a pelvic exam and a pap smear test. If the doctor sees anything odd in these exams, then he/she might advise you to take further tests to have a complete view of the situation in hand.

After having a complete view of the condition, the doctor would advise a mode of treatment based on the gravity of the condition. The various modes of treatment that are advised in such cases are:

  • Educating about sexual function

  • Use of erotic materials to enhance stimulation

  • Employing relaxation and distraction techniques

  • Massages and other non-coital behaviors

  • Creating scope for more communication between partners

  • Adopting new love-making positions

  • Using vaginal lubricants to reduce pain and friction

With the use of these techniques, it is very easy to treat sexual dysfunction in women and hence, as soon as one observes any sign of sexual dysfunction, it is highly crucial to meet the doctor and discuss the issue with him/her. Timely diagnosis and treatment are bound to help one recover faster and get back to a healthy mode of life and relationships soon!